Posted on June 21, 2012

Social and emotional development

Children learn best when they are comfortable in their environment. When children feel comfortable, they can relax in their surroundings and concentrate on the lessons being taught.   There are many specific social and emotional skills that children must possess to be comfortable at school, including: Separating easily from parents. Sharing materials and taking turns. … Continue reading

Phonetic awareness

  Phonetic awareness is the ability to recognize, differentiate and manipulate the individual sound units in spoken words. As if the term “sound units” wasn’t pretentious enough, early childhood educators and speech therapists often refer to individual sound units as “phonemes.” Phonemes are more than just syllables. The word “hat” has one syllable, but three … Continue reading

Math and number awareness

Math and Number Awareness involves a variety of skills, including: Numeral identification (recognizing all 10 numerals from 0 through 9 and knowing each numeral’s name); Counting;  One-to-one correspondence;  Counting on; Patterning recognition and creation; and Sorting and classifying.   Basic math and number concepts utilized in a preschool or kindergarten classroom set the foundation for … Continue reading

Letter and word awareness

Letter and Word Awareness is the ability to identify individual written letters and words.  Once children are able to identify printed letters, they develop the ability to identify entire words. The entire developmental progression from letter awareness to word awareness to fluent reading typically begins around age three with letter awareness and continues through age … Continue reading

Auditory processing

Auditory processing is the ability to recognize, interpret, and analyze spoken language. Strong auditory processing skills are critical components of two different activities in the classroom: following a teacher’s instructions and successfully interacting with peers.   Children with strong auditory processing skills are able to respond immediately and appropriately to a teacher’s direction or request. … Continue reading

Visual discrimination

Visual discrimination involves the ability to perceive differences in visual images. Many parts of a preschool or kindergarten classroom use visual imagery for reading and writing, Mathematics, Social studies and science and Social interactions.   Children must be able to successfully distinguish between different letters in order to read and write words.   For example, … Continue reading

Gross motor skills

Gross motor skills are the abilities usually acquired during infancy and early childhood as part of a child’s motor development. By the time they reach two years of age, almost all children are able to stand up, walk and run, walk up stairs, etc. These skills are built upon, improved and better controlled throughout early … Continue reading

Fine motor skills

  Fine motor skill is the coordination of small muscle movements which occur in body parts such as the fingers, usually in coordination with the eyes. Fine motor skills involve the small muscles of the body that enable such functions as writing, grasping small objects, and fastening clothing.   These skills are important in most … Continue reading